Diabetes is a kind of disease that occurs when the blood sugar level is too high. Blood sugar also called blood glucose is the main source of energy and comes from the food that we eat. The pancreas secretes a hormone called insulin which helps glucose from food to get into your cells that are further used as a source of energy. Sometimes insulin is not well used by the body cells. Thus the glucose, therefore, stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.

Diabetes



Diabetes



Too much glucose in your blood can cause severe health problems. Although there is no cure for diabetes, steps can be taken to manage and live a healthy lifestyle. “Diabetes sometimes by many people is called “ a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes”. The following terminologies are based upon checking the seriousness or non-seriousness of diabetes, keeping in mind that every diabetic case is important. Type1, Type2 and Gestational diabetes are considered as the most common form of diabetes. In the case of Type1 diabetes, the body does not make insulin at all. The immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Usually, children and young adults are diagnosed with Type1 Diabetes, although it can appear at any age. People with this form of diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive. Diabetes, where your body does not make or use insulin well, is the case of Type2 Diabetes.

 There is no age-specific situation that when diabetes will occur it can occur at any age whether childhood, middle or old age. It is the most common type of diabetes. When women are pregnant they get the chance to develop Gestational Diabetes which is the third type of diabetes mellitus. Most of the time, this type of diabetes has the chances to go away permanently when the baby is born. But, there are greater chances to develop Type2 Diabetes if someone in her life has been diagnosed with Gestational diabetes.

According to the reportsUntil recently, India had more diabetics than any other country in the world, according to the International Diabetes Foundation, although now the country has now been surpassed in the top spot by China. Diabetes currently affects more than 62 million Indians, which is more than 7.2% of the adult population. The average age of onset is 42.5 years. Around 1 million Indians die every year due to diabetes.” According to the Indian Heart Association, India is projected to be home to 109 million individuals by 2035.

Each and every disease has some Common warning signs.

Sugar Symptoms





Increased thirst

Increased hunger (especially after eating)
Dry mouth
Frequent urination or urine infection
Losing weight unexpectedly (even after eating a lot you feel hungry)
Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
Blurred vision
Headaches
Yeast infection
Slow-healing sores or cuts
Pain or numbness in your feet or legs
Nausea or vomiting


Every disease comes with certain Long-term complications and as of diabetes, they develop gradually. The longer the time period of diabetes you have or less controlled your blood sugar is the higher is the risk of complications. “Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening.



 Possible complications include:



Cardiovascular disease
Nerve damage (neuropathy)
Kidney damage (nephropathy)
Eye damage (retinopathy)
Foot damage
Skin conditions
Hearing Impairment
Alzheimer’s disease
Depression

As said diabetes is a disease that cannot be cured but can be controlled or managed. In the case of Type1 Diabetes, it can’t be prevented. However, the same healthy lifestyle choices that help treat Pre diabetes, Type2 diabetes and gestational diabetes can also help prevent them. It's completely the game of choices whether you want to be in the line with a medicinal counter or in the line of lifestyle changes. Each disease has a relation to one’s mind, living a little bit of a carefree lifestyle n not stressing on everything can be considered as 1st step to live a healthy lifestyle.

Following steps can be followed to manage diabetes:


Eat Healthy Foods.  Choose food lower in fat and calories and high in fiber. Focus on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Strive for variety to prevent boredom. Follow the plate method and portion control method.
Get More Physical Activity. Aim for physical activity a day at least for 30 mins. Take a brisk daily walk. Ride your Bike. Swim laps. If you can’t fit in a long workout, break it up into smaller sessions spread throughout the day.
Lose excess pounds. If you’re overweight, losing even 7% of your body weight will be helpful to reduce the risk of diabetes.
Focusing on permanent changes to your eating and exercise habits can help lose pounds. One should motivate oneself by remembering the benefits which will occur after losing weight, such as a healthier heart, more energy, and improved self-esteem.


MEDICATION

To avoid unbearable or emergency situations sometimes medication is an option as well. Oral diabetes drugs such as metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others) may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes- but always keep in mind healthy lifestyle choices remain essential to manage future risks. Have your blood sugar levels checked at least once a year to check that you haven’t developed type2 diabetes or any other type?

YOGA- has proved to eliminate or control all sorts of ailments from a relaxing the mind to controlling diabetes Yoga has many things to do with. Certain asanas, Pranayam and s shatkarmas may help lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels while also improving circulation, leading many experts do recommend Yoga for Diabetes management. The disease does come with certain complication and regular practice may even help reduce your risk for other complications of diabetes, such as heart disease.

Using controlled breathing techniques, meditation and body postures, yoga and other mindfulness-based programs it is of major need to train participants to invoke a relaxation response. Yoga can also treat diabetes. As per the case of type 2 diabetes, there are chances to be cured by preventing the disease from developing by:

Rejuvenating pancreatic cells
Exercising the muscles
Promoting weight loss
Improving your mental attitude

As per certain recommendations, it is said to follow the following approaches to the local people to avoid diabetes, which is also the dreaded killer.


Say no to alcohol if you are a drinker
Quit smoking, if you are a smoker
Try to avoid cholesterol-enriched diet
Go for a vegetarian diet, try to avoid meat
Enrich your physical activities
People with a family history of diabetes should be more alert to evade from the onset of diabetes
If you are diabetic go for a routine medical checkup
Always maintain your body fit
Always keep your mind and soul happy
Be a good follower, not a preacher of good ideals
“The surge of diabetes in the present scenario and population study (i.e) physically active, the agrarian community is a warning signal to other  people (groups) with moderate or no physical activities.”


We can say “NO”   to diabetes by proper awareness, routine, healthier checkups, healthy lifestyles and avoiding metabolic syndrome to make a diabetes-free world.