Types of Hair Loss

Types of Hair Loss in the world is now a common problem. Alopecia is another name of hair loss that is a disorder that is caused by an interruption in the body’s regular cycle of hair production. Alopecia can occur to anybody and anywhere on the body, but it mainly affects the scalp. The scalp normally has 100,000 hairs that cycle through the periods of growing, resting, falling out and then regenerating.

Types of Hair Loss

Types of Hair Loss


Mainly there are three phases of the hair growth cycle. 

Hair grows actively during the anagen phase and this phase may last for years. 

Hair stops growing after the catagen and in this phase, hairs start separating from its follicle. The follicle is structure beneath the hair under the skin that holds the hairs in place. This catagen phase may last for 10 days.

After this, the last phase begins namely telogen where the follicle rests for two to three months. After this, the hair falls out.

Now again another cycle begins with the anagen phase and new hair grows in the same follicle. 


Types of Hair Loss


Most people lose 50 to 100 hairs daily as part of this normal cycle.
Any disruption in this hair growth cycle leads to hair fall which is mainly because the hair follicle is damaged. After this, hair may begin to fall out more quickly than its regeneration. This condition leads to symptoms related to receding hairline, hair falling out in patches and overall leads to thinning of hairs.

This disorder of hair loss may lead to a person’s genetics, and it may be because of many medical and behavioral conditions that may interrupt the growth cycle and may lead to hair loss.

 Here we are listing types of hair loss and also their cause.


Types of Hair Loss


Androgenetic Alopecia

This is the most common type of alopecia and it affects more than 50 million men and more than 30 million women in the united states and it can be male pattern hair loss or can be female pattern hair loss. This type of hair loss is mainly hereditary and it can be managed with medications and surgery. 

Ø Male pattern Hair loss

Hair loss in men can begin any time after puberty and its progress over the years and decades. This type of hair loss starts above the temple and then continues around the perimeter and then affects the top of the heads. This condition often leads to a ring of hairs along the bottom of the scalp. This condition often makes men bald.

Ø Female pattern hair loss

Types of Hair Loss


Types of Hair Loss is affecting both males and females. This condition is mainly prevalent in females where hairs slowly thin all over the scalp. But in this condition, hairline usually does not recede. Many women face this type of hair loss as a natural part of aging. This type of hair loss may also begin anytime after puberty. This condition causes hairs to thin dramatically but only rarely leads to baldness. 

Telogen Effluvium

This is a type of hair loss that occurs when a large number of the follicle on the scalp enter simultaneously in the resting phase of the hair growth cycle namely telogen but the next phase does not begin. This condition leads to falling of hairs all over the scalp without new hair growth. This condition generally does not leads to baldness but it may cause you to loss 300 to 500 hairs daily. In these conditions, hairs may appear thin, especially at the crown and temple region. 
This condition mainly triggers during medical conditions like thyroid imbalance, childbirth, surgery, or a fever. The deficiency of minerals and vitamins may also trigger this condition. Mainly iron deficiency is the most probable reason for this kind of hair loss in women. Use of certain medicines like isotretinoin that is prescribed for acne, or warfarin, a blood thinner also triggers this type of hair loss. Starting or stopping the use of oral contraceptives can also cause telogen effluvium conditions. 
This condition generally starts after three months of medical even in the case when triggering is temporary. For example, in the case when you recover from an illness or you stop taking certain medicines that are the cause of hair loss, your hairs will grow back again after six months. If hair loss lass longer than six months, then it is considered chronic. 

Anagen Effluvium

This is a rapid hair loss condition results from a medical treatment like chemotherapy. Many potent and fast-acting medicines that kill cancer cells, but they may also shut down hair follicle production in the scalp and many other parts of the body. In almost all cases, after chemotherapy ends, hair grows back on its own. Sometimes dermatologists can offer some medicines to help hair grow back early.


Types of Hair Loss


Alopecia Areata

This is an autoimmune condition in which the body's immune system attacks healthy tissues including the hair follicle. This condition causes hairs to fall out and prevent new hair from growing. 
This condition can occur in any stage of life and it can begin suddenly without warning. In it, hairs from the scalp typically fall out in small patches and it is not painful. In this condition, hairs from another part of the body like eyebrows and eyelashes may start falling. After some time, this condition leads to alopecia totalis where there is a complete loss of hairs. Doctors can treat this condition with the help of medicines that may help the patient to regrow their hairs. 

Tinea Capitis

This is also known as scalp ringworm and it is a fungal infection of the scalp and the most common cause of hair loss in children. In this condition, hairs fall in patches and sometimes in the circular that leads to bald spots that may get bigger overtime. 
In this condition, the affected area looks red and scaly and it may be itchy. There may be the development of sores and blisters that oozes out pus. 
In this condition, dermatologist prescribes antifungal medicines to eliminate fungus.

Cicatricial Alopecia

It is also known as scarring alopecia. This is a rare type of alopecia in which inflammation destroys hair follicles and causes the formation of scar tissues. In this condition, hair does not regrow.

Lichen Planopilaris

This condition mainly occurs with common skin condition namely Lichen planus and it affects the scalp. This may lead to dry, flaky rashes to appear on the skin and it causes hairs to fall out in clumps. 

Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

This is also an autoimmune disease that affects the skin. It may lead to inflamed sores and scarring of ears, scalp, and face. Hair loss is a symptom of this disease. 

Folliculitis Decalvans

This is an inflammatory disorder that leads to the destruction of the hair follicle. This condition mainly accompanied by redness, swelling, and lesions on the scalp that are often itchy and contain pus. 


Types of Hair Loss


Hypotrichosis

This is a condition where very little hairs grow on the scalp and body. It is a genetic condition where baby shows typical hair growth at first and a few months later hairs fall out and replace with sparse hairs.              

Conclusion

So these are some most common types of hair loss. Please like, share and comment on any query. 
Thank you
  
    

Types of Hair Loss Types of Hair Loss Reviewed by Healthworld4u on December 03, 2019 Rating: 5
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